Antibiotic Resistance and Prevention
Antibiotics are the medicines used to prevent and treat bacterial infections. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines. Bacteria, not animals or humans, become antibiotic-resistant. These bacteria may infect animals and humans, and the infections they cause are harder to treat than those caused by non-resistant bacteria. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria can spread to relatives, family members, classmates, and co-workers, and may threaten our community. Antibiotic resistance leads to prolonged hospital stays, higher medical costs, and increased mortality.
Antibiotic resistance is caused by the misusage and overuse of antibiotics, as well as poor infection prevention and control. Steps can be taken to reduce the impact and curb the transmission of resistance. Use antibiotics only when prescribed by an authorized health professional. Don’t use leftover antibiotics. Infections can be prevented by washing hands regularly, preparing food organically, avoiding contact with ill people and keeping vaccinations up to date.